Category: Philosophy

Recent Abstract Submission: Animal Personhood and Theistic Animal Ethics

Encouragement to Affection (Prelude): Christian society is inundated with deceptive philosophy that seeks to undermine the brilliance of mind that God has given abundantly. Will you not take the time to analyze what interpretation you are residing upon?; that interpretation could be one of raising a heightened awareness of Truth; but rather not let it be upon an interpretation that is one of the natural brute beast’s perception that only distinguishes right from wrong: God forbid we believe the Truth is a game of right and wrong; God forbid we receive His Word without good conscience; God forbid we approach the Word with the kind of dumb assumptions that typify the zealot without wisdom, and not the wise man with zeal.

Let the Philosopher return to the Christian Church with vengeance,
and let him hammer for Truth.

May God damn the mindless Christianity of our age,
but may we love our brothers and sisters with the ferocity fit for the King.


Beasts possess personhood (fysikόs psychē i.e. natural soul). They possess a fleshly body of distinct animal kind, spirit that is breath (ruach), and soul of living form (Job 12:10;) the beastly-soul is identified as following: (1) not of the same human significance i.e. comparably diminished (2) of living form (mental perception, sensation, reasonableness, etc.) and (3) speculative immortality/mortality; but yet, they do not possess the (1) esteem of being created in the imago Dei i.e. the physical-actual imago Dei, nor do they possess (2) the ability of themselves to reason their soul through language in explicit human fashion, nor do they possess (3) the degree of moral awareness that homo sapiens do. In truth, the designations of body, soul, and spirit are given to the beast (fysikόs psychē), whereas humans occupy a necessary triunity with divisions amidst soul (i.e. the exceeding form-life of bestial form-life) and spirit (Heb. 4:12, Luke 10:27), and the absolute privilege of being made in the imago Dei. Nevertheless, triune personhood is not defined solely through the esteem of dominion, or the ability to reason soul through language as some do, nor the moral awareness of humans: triune personhood is defined upon the necessary triunity of being regardless of the degree to which the triunity is expressed or inoculated. Understanding the personhood of beasts is crucial to understand the exceedingly high personhood of man—when the animal kingdom is elevated, man’s dominion is elevated; when man’s dominion is elevated, then the immensely sacred person of man is elevated. The persuasion is that beasts do possess a triune nature, and consequently, ethics should be proposed for the benefit of both man and beast in society.

The beastly-flesh of land was formed from the dust of the earth; let us entertain that the beastly being was breathed on-in spirit; and soon the beast became a living soul i.e. the fysikόs psychē of living form comparable to a human’s living form. Do we have sufficient reason to believe that beasts were not fashioned this way?—with the only principled exception being that man was made in the image of God? What is the imago Dei and why does man get this role? I submit to you that it is not simply because man has a triune nature of which this role is attained, but rather that it is because of man’s physical image. Beasts can undoubtedly occupy a triune nature, however, they cannot occupy the imago Dei. In the sense that metaphoric principles are applied (i.e. “Lamb of God,” “Lion of the Tribe of Judah,” “’Living Beings,’” etc.), then we may entertain the idea and apply theoretical ideas to the image of God, but with regard to the True Reality of God’s image in actual human-bodily manifestation,  we are then wise to affirm that the “The Word [when] became flesh” is indicative of man-flesh, not beast-flesh (John 1:1). Contrary to the thought of many scholastic philosophers, the intellect of man is not the sole reflection of the imago Dei: the imago Dei is principally the physical appearance of the invisible God that manifests in human likeness of body. Yet further, given the exceeding wise nature of animal behavior (Prov. 30:24), we cannot be certain that animals do not possess some sense of natural intellection. Yet even further, we cannot be certain (inasmuch as we know now) that scientific achievement has shown that animals do possess intellect. Withstanding the aforementioned, the discussion of animal personhood remains a distinctly theological and philosophical undertaking—with the foremost emphasis upon the philosophy of analytics in scriptural writings.

Undoubtedly the Preacher holds the Word true when he declares, in view of this temporal life, that: “Humans have no advantage over the animal;” (Ecc. 3:19) and yet, why do we assume preeminence, instead of a proper understanding of dominion wherewith we govern through our language of reason, our moral fiber, and capable physical image whereby we may perceive the ethics of ourselves in the regeneration of Holy Spirit? What is the ethic? The ethic is Rational Compassion: a thought-ethic which seeks to conjoin Siddhartha’s compassion for all living beings, and Solomon’s profession of discerning time and judgment (Ecc. 8:5). Rational Compassion is the withholding of alternate consciousness for the benefit of All; Rational Compassion is promulgation of gentleness through limited assumption in wisdom from above for Love’s chief end; it is the necessary coupling of will and intellect through mind’s reason on behalf of the imago Dei. Rational Compassion is a High Order ethic, and while not a pragmatist’s approach, it is indeed a Higher Order of thought-ethic.


Two Poems

“A Woman’s Heart”
by L.H. Gracy

We move together, and I love your
venerable countenance.
Shining a breath, passing, yet never
will I forget.–

The glowing austere of holiness, or,
the way my mind was lit

aflame: sudden bursts of transcendence,
angel light, nether worlds–destroyed

shattered in Beauty’s eminence. Love

now restored.

All speculation will not slay this

that is,
the glory underneath,
the Greater than the Sun.

A woman’s heart shews forth, and
dispels deceptive will.

A partial, yet complete act
of God’s aesthetic fill.

“Memories that Wander”
by L.H. Gracy

Recalling a melodious pitch,
or forms of movement, thus
Swarms of creatures the mind adventures,
the swooning of the thrush

And while I beckon hitherto,
ineffable thoughts I ponder:
the motive of a person’s word of deed
when that one says, what’s wrong dear?

Further, have I not known
the brilliance of mind on earth–
the one that makes me move in glory,
and relinquish undue search?

If not, will I declare
I must continue onward
And love that which is from above–
those objects and things we ponder.

Memories that wander
stay of place in some sweet nexus
A taste of pondering eminence
a taste of Nature’s Sexes
And while I sit, I wait 
for Heaven’s inspiration
to be greater than the vile amorous
to rejoice in my long sation.

Memories that wander
stay of place in some sweet nexus.

In the Name of Christ!

Romans Persecuting
In the Name of Christ

Speaking in the name of Christ is something that can be misunderstood. It is not the call of religion, but of wisdom and love that compels man to speak most sincerely for the cause of Christ. It is not a delusion that compels man to speak in the name of Christ, but a desire to share the truth. Such a compelling nature is a good foundation for apologetics, being that the foundation of truth rests solely on the Person of Christ; The being of truth, the Word of the Ancient- God Almighty. This desire to speak on behalf of the truth is represented well in the story of Telemachus:

Telemachus was a monk who lived during the time of the Roman empire during the early 5th century. Upon arriving at Rome, beckoned there from his monastic life, he witnessed the depravity of the Roman pagan lifestyle- to include the Gladiatorial combat that took place in the Coliseum.

Upon witnessing the senseless bloodshed that took place in the Coliseum, he cried out, “IN THE NAME OF CHRIST, STOP THIS!” His voice echoed throughout the Coliseum and pin-drop silence followed his proclamation. He became a spectacle; running down into the arena-pit shouting in desperation “IN THE NAME OF CHRIST! STOP THIS!” After an interlude, one of the gladiator’s pushed him aside and rammed a spear into his chest, causing blood to gush from the man’s body.

As he crouched over, bleeding profusely, the whole Coliseum heard him say one last time, “In the name of Christ… stop this…”

Slowly, the people began to get up and walk out of the Coliseum… ashamed.

In our society, it can be difficult to stand-up for the truth.
The truth of that stance is often ridicule and mockery, even by those we may consider our friend.

The Nature of Conformity


It may appear to represent one thing, but in truth it is the attachment one has to the things of this world. The world deals with systems, human and demonic-engineered beliefs and ideologies that display a false-representation of the regenerative and true kingdom of God. Those things come in many shapes, sizes, ideas, colors, blends of emotions, representations of reality; generally anything that sets itself up against the knowledge and Kingdom of God.

I do not know about you; I trust you at your word…but I certainly do not want to live in conformity to things that will pass away. Why would you cling to material things when you can have a mind that moves and flows eternally with the Nature of God?

Noam Chomsky, a professor at MIT, is known for his work in understanding the difference in animal vs. human communication He made a remarkable distinction. Although animals are capable of communication, their scale of communication is conceivably finite- they are unable to achieve an indefinite variety of communication. Humans, Chomsky notes, are able to express themselves through language in an indefinite manner!

Animals have a set pattern of communication:

low                                    high

Humans have an indefinite communicative ability through language, (such as a humans ability to construct sentences that have never been developed before):

The very colorful and slightly yellow african bush dog likes to use his specialized monocle to tinker and forge new gems of beauty for his collection.

Do not be conformed to a mode of being that others deem as necessary or as cool. Do not be conformed to what society tells you is ok and respectable. Do not be carried off by every gust of wind that blows, instead, be firm and stand strong during those gusts of wind. For even in a hurricane there is a calm and a peace. So too must we remain through the peace of Christ that rules in our hearts.

Remembering what the apostle Paul said:

Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. (Romans 12:2)

The Foundation

plato and aristotle

  1.   God is alive and in control. We are made righteous by our faith in Jesus Christ whom is God incarnate. 
  2. There is no God, we are simply the result of time plus matter plus chance.

It seems this is the debate of our time.

Plato (on the left) thought the answer to man’s questions rests in the identity of Our Creator.

Aristotle (on the right) believed that the answers are in the world around us, not in understanding what we cannot see.

What began in Greece over 2,000 years ago is still being discussed today. 

Aristotle, however, admitted that everything must be traced back to an infinite source. Physics has proved the necessity of an infinite source to produce the finite. You may trace the cause of the universe to a singularity (the Big Bang, or “this happened and created this”) but then you must ask yourself, “What was before THAT?” There MUST be a beginning of ALL.

John 1 says, “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word WAS God.” The Word is identified as Jesus Christ, who is the Incarnate Word of God.

Science STILL attempts to say, “well we can trace the beginning of the universe to this period”, but admits that they do not have an answer for the beginning of EVERYTHING as we know it. The only PLAUSIBLE and LOGICAL answer is that there is an infinite, sovereign source from which everything flows. I ask you today to consider this. Science will not unlock all the mysteries of the universe because it fails to address a fundamental problem- “What was in the beginning?

Blessings to you.


Getting Started!


Welcome to my blog!

The purpose of this blog will be to present the truth.

No regrets.

No reservations.

The word erudite is defined as “having or showing great knowledge or learning.” This is precisely the method in which we will approach the truth. In a manner that is scholarlyobjective, and sincere. 

So to introduce myself…

I am a 24 year old male who recently retired from active duty in the Marine Corps. I am finishing my bachelor degree in Philosophy and Religion (dual major), and am the founder of an apologetics ministry at the University of the Incarnate Word. I am a proud husband and currently a father to a loyal German Shepherd named Dennis. I enjoy playing music, and enjoy learning. First and foremost I am a believer in the Lord Jesus Christ. I am not here to compromise the validity of my faith, but rather desire to persuade others to see the world through the lens of faith in Jesus Christ.

Having said that…The introductions may persist throughout the course of this endeavor.

Now, let’s begin.